What is the Anosmia?

    Anosmia is the inability to smell and losing the sense of taste (ageusia), some people are anosmic for one particular odor; this is called “specific anosmia” this is usually due to genetic. They can distinguish salty, sweet, sour, and bitter substances, but are not able to discrimination the flavour

    Causes of Anosmia

    • Head Injury.
    • Surgery.
    • Sinus problems
    • Illness
    • Born without a sense of smell (congenital)
    • Inflammatory conditions (swelling)
    • Structural causes
    • Polyps or Tumors
    • Dentistry work
    • Medication

    Diagnosis

    • Medical evaluation by checking the medical and physical examination of the patients
    • Hematological tests
    • Otolaryngological consultation (dealing with diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the ear, nose, and throat)
    • Nasal mucous membranes should be examined for abnormal conditions
    • Trigeminal nerve endings are important detecting tactile pressure, pain, and temperature sensations in the areas of the mouth, eyes, and nasal cavity
    • Laboratory tests for impaired smell
    • A biopsy might be necessary if intra-nasal or intra-oral neoplasm for assuming the cause of the dysfunction
    • Intra-nasal biopsy is also helpful in diagnosing post-upper respiratory infection-induced olfactory loss
    • Nasal endoscopy

    Treatment:

    • Anosmia caused by sinus infections, antibiotics can clear up the sinus infection, It will take many months of antibiotic treatment for the sense of smell to regain.
    • Anosmia can use zinc and lutein supplements
    • Cortisone based nasal sprays or drops such as Rhinochrom can help
    • here are some cases of steroid-treatable anosmia
    • Oral prednisone

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