A hiccup is a sudden, involuntary contraction (spasm) of the diaphragm muscle. When the muscle spasms, the vocal cords snap shut, producing the hiccup sound.

Common causes of hiccups include:

  • Eating too quickly
  • Eating or drinking too much
  • Diseases that irritate the nerves that control the diaphragm
  • Abdominal surgery
  • Smoking
  • Strokes
  • Brain tumors
  • Noxious fumes
  • Certain medications
  • Drinking too much alcohol

Treatments for hiccups:
Techniques that stimulate the nasopharynx and the vagus nerve, which runs from the brain to the stomach, and can decrease hiccupps:

  • Drink a glass of water quickly; Drink from the far side of a glass
  • Cup your hands over your nose and mouth, but continue breathing normally. You’ll get hiccup relief from the extra dose of carbon dioxide
  • Have someone frighten you
  • Pull hard on your tongue
  • Take a deep breath and hold it. When there’s a build-up of carbon dioxide in your lungs, your diaphragm relaxes
  • Bite on a lemon
  • Plug Your Ears
  • Gargle with water
  • Use smelling salts
  • Stick your fingers in your ears and sip water though a straw
  • Place one-half teaspoon of dry sugar on the back of your tongue
Reference
  • Readers digest
  • Medicinenet

 

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