Heart palpitation are the feeling or sensation of heart beating fast, irregular heartbeats, skipping a beat, that can be noticed in the chest, throat or neck. Palpitations are very common and usually are not dangerous.

    Causes

    Heart palpitations can be due to:

    • Anxiety, stress, panic attack, or fear
    • Caffeine intake
    • Nicotine intake
    • Cocaine or other illegal drugs
    • Diet pills
    • Exercise
    • Fever

    Self-care management

    • Palpitation can be managed by stopping the use of caffeine, alcohol, and OTC cold medications
    • Patient should learn how to take their pulse and document their pulse rate, whether the palpitations occur in isolation or in a pattern
    • Associated symptoms, including lightheadedness, nausea, sweating, chest pain, or shortness of breath

    Palpitation medical treatment:

    • Electrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG can be done either while you are at rest or while you are exercising. An ECG records your heart’s electrical signals and can detect abnormalities in the heart’s rhythm
    • A Holter monitor is worn on the chest. It continuously records your heart’s electrical signals for 24 to 48 hours. It can detect rhythm abnormalities that weren’t identified during a regular ECG test
    • Chest X-ray
    • Echocardiogram. This is an ultrasound examination of the heart. It provides detailed information about the heart’s structure and function

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